José Mourinho

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José Mourinho
Jose Mourinho 2013.jpg
0Full Name José Mário dos Santos
Félix Mourinho
0Date of Birth 26 January 1963
0Place of Birth Setúbal, Portugal
0Chelsea career 2004–2007
0Win percentage 67% (first spell)
0Honours Premier League: '05, '06, '15
FA Cup: '07
League Cup: '05, '07, '15
Community Shield: '05
0Other clubs Benfica
União de Leiria
Real Madrid

José Mourinho (born 26 January 1963 in Setúbal) is a former manager of Chelsea, and the most successful in the club's history. During his first spell at Chelsea, from July 2004 to September 2007, he led the club to two Premier League titles, an FA Cup and two League Cups. He re-joined the club in June 2013, winning a further Premier League title and League Cup in 2014-15 before a disastrous sequence of league results in the first few months of 2015-16 resulted in his sacking in December 2015. An outspoken and often controversial character, he aquired the epithet "The Special One" from the English media, having described himself as "a special one" in a press conference upon his arrival. Though the UEFA Champions League was the one trophy to elude him during his time at Stamford Bridge, his success in west London cemented his reputation as one of the world's top managers, and he would go on to have further success at Internazionale and Real Madrid before returning to Chelsea.


Before Chelsea

Early career

José Mário dos Santos Mourinho Félix was born in 1963 in Setúbal, Portugal, the son of José Manuel Mourinho Félix, who was known by the name Félix Mourinho, and wife Maria Júlia Carrajola dos Santos. His father played football professionally for Os Belenenses and Vitória de Setúbal, and made one full international appearance for Portugal. A young José sought to emulate his father in becoming a footballer, and he joined the Belenenses youth team. Graduating to senior level, he played at Rio Ave (where his father was coach), Belenenses, and Sesimbra. Realising that he lacked the necessary physical attributes required to make it as a professional he instead chose to focus on coaching. He studied sports science at the Instituto Superior de Educação Física (ISEF), Technical University of Lisbon and taught physical education at various schools while earning his diploma. He went on to attend coaching courses in England and Scotland, run by the FA and SFA.

Mourinho's first step into professional management took him to his hometown club Vitória de Setúbal, becoming youth team coach in the early 1990s. He went on to become assistant manager at Estrela da Amadora before working as a scout at Ovarense. In 1992 Mourinho took an opportunity to work as an interpreter for former England manager Bobby Robson upon his arrival at Sporting Lisbon. Mourinho's local knowledge, football background and fluent English making him an ideal candidate. Always ambitious, he maximised the opportunity of working for one of Europe's most experienced coaches by discussing tactics and coaching methods while working in the role. [1] Clearly impressed, Robson took Mourinho with him to FC Porto after he was sacked as Sporting manager in December 1993. With Mourinho assisting, Robson led Porto to a period of domination in Portuguese football, winning the 1994 Portuguese Cup, the 1994-95 and 1995-96 Portuguese championship, and the 1994, 1995 and 1996 Portuguese Super Cup.

With Mourinho now established as Robson's assistant, the pair moved to Barcelona in 1996. Mourinho swiftly learned Catalan and aided the Englishman in all manner of areas, including translating at press conferences, planning practice sessions, and helping players through tactical advice and analyses of the opposition. Barcelona's season ended with victory in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup but Robson would soon depart. This time Mourinho did not follow his mentor, with the Catalan club keen to retain the Portuguese coach's services as assistant manager. Now working with new manager Louis van Gaal, Mourinho continued to develop his abilities, helping the Dutchman deliver the La Liga title in both of his first two seasons in charge. By now it was very much apparent that Mourinho had the experience and ability to make the step up to management, and van Gaal recognised this, entrusting his assistant with lead coaching duties for Barcelona B, in addition to the first team for relatively minor competitions, such as the Copa Catalunya, which Barcelona won in 2000 under Mourinho's stewardship.


In September 2000 Mourinho returned to Portugal and his first role as first team coach of Lisbon giants Benfica, appointing former SLB defender Carlos Mozer as his assistant. A 3-0 win over city rivals Sporting as the start of December capped a succesful start to his managerial career, but newly elected Benfica president Manuel Vilarinho made no secret of his intention to eventually replace Mourinho with former Benfica player Toni. Mourinho's reaction was to request a contract extension, effectively asking Vilarinho to back him or sack him, and when the request was refused Mourinho promptly resigned. He left the club on 5 December 2000 after just nine league games in charge. Vilarinho later spoke of regretting his decision not to back the incumbent manager. [2]

União de Leiria

Mourinho was soon back in management, joining União de Leiria in April 2001. He guided the side to a club-record fifth place having joined with seven games of the season remaining. The following season the União de Leiria improved further, competing for the top places in the league. By late January 2002 Mourinho's side were in third place in the league, ahead of both Porto and Benfica and just three points off top spot. That month Porto manager Octávio Machado was sacked and Mourinho was appointed as replacement.


Mourinho took charge of a struggling side; Porto were a relatively low fifth place in the league, had been knocked out of the Portuguese Cup and were struggling in the UEFA Champions League. Under the new manager Porto recovered somewhat to finish in third place. Ahead of the 2002-03 season Mourinho identified the existing players who he believed he could build a Championship-winning side around, namely Vítor Baía, Ricardo Carvalho, Costinha, Deco, Dmitri Alenichev, and Hélder Postiga. He also recalled captain Jorge Costa after a six-month loan at Charlton Athletic and brought in Nuno Valente and Derlei from União de Leiria; Paulo Ferreira from Vitória de Setúbal; Pedro Emanuel from Boavista; and Edgaras Jankauskas and Maniche, who both had been out of contract at Benfica.

Mourinho applied various new, more scientific training methods at Porto, in addition to a notable tactical approach of pressuring the opposition from the front, an approach that became known as pressão alta ("high pressure"). Mourinho's methods proved highly successful. He won the Primeira Liga by finishing 11 points clear of his former club Benfica; Porto's total of 86 points from 102 a Portuguese record. He also won the Portuguese Cup, beating another former club – União de Leiria – in the final. His side were also successful in Europe, beating Celtic in the final to win the 2003 UEFA Cup.

The 2003-04 season would lead to further success in the league and the greatest achievement of Mourinho's career to date. Porto retained the Primeira Liga title with five weeks to spare, and following the disappointment of losing the Portuguese Cup final to Benfica Mourinho led his side to victory in the UEFA Champions League, beating a Monaco side that had knocked out Chelsea in the semi-finals 3-0 in the final. They had earlier knocked out Manchester United in the first knock-out stage, a last-minute equaliser at Old Trafford sending Porto through 3-2 on aggregate having been on the verge of elimination on away goals, prompting Mourinho to celebrate in famously ebullient fashion by running up the touchline.

The victory in Europe's premier competition cemented Mourinho's position as Europe's top young coach, but with Roman Abramovich set to replace Claudio Ranieri as Chelsea manager one year after buying the club, the Portuguese manager had reportedly been earmarked as a potential successor earlier in the season. [3]

Chelsea (2004–2007)

Mourinho was confirmed as Chelsea manager in June 2004, earning a reported salary of £4.2 million a year. The charismatic Portuguese made an instant impact with the British media by confidently asserting his self-belief in a press conference, stating "Please don't call me arrogant, but I'm European champion and I think I'm a special one," leading to the media dubbing him 'The Special One'. Assistant Baltemar Brito, fitness coach Rui Faria, chief scout André Villas-Boas, and goalkeeping coach Silvino Louro all followed Mourinho from Porto, with Steve Clarke retained as an assistant first team coach, his long history at the club no doubt seen as an asset. Chelsea's spending over the previous year had been significant, which in addition to existing players such as Frank Lampard and John Terry provided Mourinho with a talented group with which to work, but Abramovich naturally backed his new manager in the transfer market with Didier Drogba, Tiago and Mateja Kežman all arriving, in addition to Ricardo Carvalho following his manager from Porto.

Mourinho with the Premier League trophy in 2005

Back-to-back titles

Mourinho was handed a baptism of fire in his first Premier League match of the 2004-05 season, the Blues hosting Manchester United at Stamford Bridge. Eiður Guðjohnsen's first half goal secured the three points and set the tone for the early part of the season, with Chelsea top of the table at Christmas. In early February Mourinho's side faced what had been identified as a key test of their title credentials; an away match against a tough Blackburn Rovers side. If they won they would go 11 points clear at the top of the league. Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson had commented in December that he expected Chelsea to struggle on their trips to the North. [4] The Blues secured a 1-0 win, though they lost early goalscorer Arjen Robben to injury after ten minutes after a foul by Aaron Mokoena; a clumsy challenge that typified Blackburn's aggressive approach. The Chelsea players' celebrations at the end of the game demonstrated the importance that they themselves, and no doubt Mourinho, had placed on the result, the side using external doubts as motivation.

Mourinho's first silverware as Chelsea manager came later that month, the Blues beating Liverpool 3-2 in extra time in the 2005 League Cup Final at Cardiff's Millennium Stadium. In typical fashion Mourinho enraged the Liverpool fans by "shushing" them after Chelsea had equalised, [5] an action that led to being escorted from the touchline. The Portuguese had placed great importance on Chelsea winning the first trophy on offer under his stewardship as it would engender a winning habit and a sense of momentum. [6]

In the UEFA Champions League Mourinho was seeking to win the competition for the second successive season, having won the trophy with Porto in 2004. Chelsea took on his former club Barcelona in what was an epic first knock-out round tie. The Blues had lost the first leg but had come away with a potentially crucial away goal in a 2-1 defeat. In the return leg Mourinho's attacking 4-3-3 formation blow Barcelona away in the first 20 minutes; the Blues going 3-0 up early on in what was a devastating display. However Barcelona's Ronaldinho was in spectacular form; scoring twice before the break; he converted a penalty before demonstrating superb technique to score with a right-footed strike from the edge of the 'D' from a stationary position. With a 3-2 loss enough for the Catalan side to progress on away goals Chelsea needed to score again. The crucial goal came late in the game, John Terry heading home from a Damien Duff corner to edge Chelsea ahead in the tie. The Blues saw out the match to progress 5-4 on aggregate. After beating Bayern Munich in the next round Chelsea faced Liverpool in the semi-finals. After a tense 0-0 draw in the first leg, Liverpool broke the deadlock with a controversial goal in the second leg at Anfield. Luis Garcia knocked the ball past Petr Cech early in the match but William Gallas had appeared to clear the ball before it had fully crossed the line. Nonetheless the goal was given, and couldn't have been more crucial, as it turned out to be the only goal of the tie. Mourinho would later refer to the incident as a "ghost goal". [7]

Disappointment in Europe couldn't detract from the elation of four days earlier however; Chelsea having won their first league title for 50 years. Two second half goals from Frank Lampard secured a 2-0 win against Bolton Wanderers, clinching the title for the Blues. Mourinho's side won the league emphatically. By the end of the season they had set a record for the most points achieved in the Premier League (95), and fewest goals conceded (15).

The Blues began the 2005-06 season in positive fashion, beating Arsenal to win the FA Community Shield. In the Premier League Mourinho's side carried on where they left off in the previous season, seemingly securing win after win to stay top for the duration. A 1-0 loss against Manchester United at Old Trafford in early November proved to be an uncharacteristic slip-up in terms of league matches against top sides, and Chelsea powered on to secure a second consecutive Premier League title by beating the same side in the reverse fixture, a resounding 3-0 win; the west Londoners retaining the title in style. After the match Mourinho threw his winners medal into the crowd, and upon being handed a replacement proceeded to do so a second time. [8] Mourinho's Chelsea once again broke the 90-point barrier, this time finishing with 91 points despite losing the last two league matches of the season. Domination in the league was not replicated in the cups however, the Blues failing to reach the final of either of the domestic cups and exiting the UEFA Champions League to a vengeful Barcelona in the first knock-out round.


Despite the unprecedented success achieved by Mourinho in his first two seasons at Stamford Bridge, rumours began to surface ahead of the 2006-07 season that there was a growing rift between the manager and owner Roman Abramovich, with Sporting Director Frank Arnesen and Abramovich advisor Piet de Visser's increasing power and influence having reportedly irked the Portuguese manager. [9] Mourinho later downplayed reports of a rift and that he was set to leave the club, stating that he intended to see out his contract unless Chelsea sacked him. The most high profile signing ahead of the new season was Andriy Shevchenko. One of Europe's most decorated and highly-rated strikers, the aquisition was nonetheless widely considered to be at the behest of Abramovich, rather than Mourinho. [10] While Shevchenko would have a disappointing season relative to expectations, his arrival seemed to energise Didier Drogba, who would go on to score 33 goals in all competitions; Mourinho preferring to play the Ivorian upfront, particularly as the season wore on.

Mourinho with Ashley Cole after winning the FA Cup in 2007
The Premier League quickly turned in to a two-horse race between Chelsea and Manchester United, and by Christmas the two sides had opened up a lead of over ten-points over third place. Mourinho led the Blues to the second League Cup victory of his tenure; an ill-tempered match at the Millennium Stadium saw three players sent off in an injury time melee as Chelsea came from behind to win 2-1. Chelsea also progressed in the FA Cup – a 2-1 victory in a quarter-final replay against Tottenham Hotspur at White Hart Lane was a highlight of the season – while reaching the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League for the second time in three seasons, again against Liverpool. This time Chelsea went out on penalties after both legs finished 1-0 to the home side. By this time successive draws against Newcastle United and Bolton Wanderers had seen Chelsea's hopes of a third successive league title fade, and a third against Arsenal handed the title to Manchester United. The erstwhile title rivals faced each other in the next match at Stamford Bridge; Mourinho instructing his players to provide a guard of honour for the new champions as United had done for Chelsea in 2004-05. The match finished 0-0. The two clubs would meet again ten days later in the FA Cup final, Chelsea prevailing towards the end of extra time in a forgettable match. Didier Drogba scored the only goal of the game. Victory at the new Wembley Stadium meant that the Blues were the first FA Cup winners at the new stadium, having been the last to win the FA's showpiece event at the old Wembley. Chelsea also became only the third club to complete a domestic cup double. It was Mourinho's fifth major trophy at Chelsea and meant he had won every domestic honour at the club. It would also prove to be the last in his first spell at Stamford Bridge.

On the opening day of the 2007-08 season Chelsea broke the record for consecutive home league matches without defeat by beating Birmingham City at Stamford Bridge; the Blues' 64 matches surpassing Liverpool's record that they set between 1978 and 1981. However the team didn't start the season well, a defeat at Aston Villa and a home draw against Blackburn Rovers were followed by a dispiriting 1-1 draw in the UEFA Champions League at home to Rosenborg. That match would be Mourinho's last in his first spell at the club. Though his side had not started the season well, the relationship between the manager and club, including the owner, had been steadily eroding for some time. Avram Grant, a figure whose appointment and actions had reportedly undermined Mourinho's position was placed in charge of the first team. [11]


Mourinho was confirmed as manager of Internazionale on 2 June 2008, signing a three-year contract. Many of his Portuguese backroom staff joined him from Chelsea and promoted Giuseppe Baresi from head of the academy to assistant coach. Mourinho conducted his first press conference as Inter manager in Italian, despite having only begun to learn the language a few weeks earlier. When asked how he had learnt Italian so quickly he replied "because I'm very intelligent", though he did acknowledge that its similarity to Spanish had helped. [12]

Inter's first season under Mourinho was a success; his side winning Serie A by a ten-point margin, though there were relative disappointments including exiting in the UEFA Champions League at the first knock-out stage courtesy of Manchester United and losing in the semi-finals of the Coppa Italia. The Champions League defeat was a particular disappointment for Inter fans as failure in the competition had been a criticism of previous manager Roberto Mancini, and with Mourinho's pedigree in the competition more was expected.

Mourinho's second season at the San Siro would eclipse his first. Inter were once again strong in the league, notable results including a thumping 4-0 victory over city rivals AC Milan and a 5-0 victory over Genoa. In the UEFA Champions League Mourinho faced his former club Chelsea for the first time in a competitive match in the first knock-out stage. Having won 2-1 in the home leg, future Chelsea striker Samuel Eto'o sealed Inter's progression with a late winner as the Blues lost 1-0 at home, Mourinho's side winning 3-1 on aggregate. After seeing off CSKA Moscow in the quarters, Mourinho faced old foes and former club Barcelona in the semi-finals. A 3-1 home win gave Inter a strong platform, meaning a 1-0 loss at Camp Nou was enough to progress, a loss which Mourinho described as "the most beautiful defeat of my life". [13] The victory over Real Madrid's rivals also did no harm to the Portuguese manager's popularity at the Santiago Bernabéu, where the final was to be held. Mourinho was already strongly rumoured to be heading to Madrid at the end of the season. [14] On 5 May 2010 Inter beat Roma 1-0 to win the Coppa Italia, and 11 days later, on the final day of the Serie A season, victory by the same scoreline over Siena secured the domestic double with the club's second consecutive Scudetto. More glory was to follow in the Champions League, Mourinho's side completing the treble by beating Bayern Munich 2-0 in the final. The title was Mourinho's second following his 2004 victory with Porto, and Inter's first since the 1960s.

Real Madrid

Mourinho was confirmed as Real Madrid manager in May 2010, signing a four-year deal with the club. His first league game in charge was a disappointing 0-0 away draw at RCD Mallorca, but his side were soon into their stride, winning all but one match ahead of the first Mourinho's first Clásico in Spain, against Barcelona. Real Madrid were humbled, losing 5-0 in a devastating defeat. In the reverse fixture the two sides drew, but Mourinho's side gained a modicum of revenge for their earlier defeat by beating Barcelona in the Copa del Rey final, Cristiano Ronaldo scoring the winner in extra time. The two sides also faced each other in the UEFA Champions League semi-finals, the first time Real Madrid had reached that stage of the competition since 2003. In the first match at the Santiago Bernabéu Real defender Pepe was sent off in the 61st minute, handing an advantage to the visitors. Mourinho was subsequently sent off for protesting against the decision.. Two late Lionel Messi goals put Barcelona in charge in the tie, their 2-0 win meaning that Real would have to score at least 3 were they to concede in the return. The Catalans also took the lead at Camp Nou, although a Marcelo equaliser salvaged some pride as Los Blancos drew 1-1 and exited the competition. Barcelona went on to win La Liga by a four-point margin, but it was their perfomances in the matches against Real Madrid that underlined their superiority, and the size of the task faced by Mourinho.

Real Madrid started the 2011-12 season in inconsistent fashion, dropping points at Levante and Racing Santander within the first four games. Ten straight wins followed but the run was ended with another defeat against Barcelona; the Catalans winning 3-1 at the Bernabéu on 10 December. Despite that setback Madrid powered on, dropping just six more points in La Liga. A win at Camp Nou towards the end of the season meant that Mourinho's side were on the brink of the title, which they would later secure. Barcelona seemed somewhat jaded after a UEFA Champions League semi-final first leg loss against Mourinho's old side Chelsea a few days earlier, [15] and would crash out of the competition when the Blues earned a 2-2 draw in the return, three days after their Clásico defeat. Real Madrid would fall at the same hurdle, losing to Bayern Munich on penalties, denying Mourinho the chance to become the first manager to win the competition with three different clubs.

Mourinho was rewarded for his success in beating what was a formidable Barcelona side to the title with a new four year contract. He won the Supercopa de España against the Catalan club but he couldn't repeat his La Liga triumph, eventually finishing 15 points behind a resurgent Barcelona. There was also disappointment in the cups. Mourinho guided his side to the UEFA Champions League semi-finals for the third consecutive season, but they were humbled 4-1 away from home in the first leg against Borussia Dortmund, meaning that two late goals in a 2-0 win in the return leg left them one goal short. They also lost the Copa del Rey final against Atlético Madrid on 17 May, prompting Mourinho to label the campaign "the worst season of my career". [16]

Return to Chelsea (2013–)

After Chelsea had sacked Roberto Di Matteo in November 2012 and subsequently installed Rafael Benítez as interim manager until the end of the season, the likelihood of the manager's position at Stamford Bridge being vacant in the summer led to speculation in early 2013 that Mourinho might return to west London, as he seemed likely to leave Real Madrid. [17] In January Mourinho had spoken of his desire to return to England, telling a French radio station "England, I know it. I like it a lot and I want to go back one day... Because I only spent three years with Chelsea, and I want to go back and work (in England) one day." [18] By the beginning of May reports emerged that negotiations between Chelsea and Mourinho regarding a return were at an advanced stage. [19] On 3 June 2013, Chelsea confirmed Mourinho's return as manager. [20]




Managerial record

First spell

P W D L GF GA GD Win %
League 120 85 25 10 216 67 +149 70%
FA Cup 16 12 2 2 38 14 +24 75%
Lg Cup 13 10 3 0 25 7 +18 77%
Europe 33 16 9 8 48 27 +21 48%
Other 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 33%
Total 185 124 40 21 331 119 +212 67%

Second spell


Real Madrid

Robertson (1905–06) • Lewis (1906–07) • Calderhead (1907–33) • Knighton (1933–39) • Birrell (1939–52)
Drake (1952–61) • Docherty (1961–67) • Sexton (1967–74) • Suart (1974–75) • McCreadie (1975–77) • Shellito (1977–78)
Blanchflower (1978–79) • Hurst (1979–81) • Neal (1981–85) • Hollins (1985–88) • Campbell (1988–91)
Porterfield (1991–93) • Webb (1993) • Hoddle (1993–96) • Gullit (1996–98) • Vialli (1998–00) • Ranieri (2000–04)
Mourinho (2004–07) • Grant (2007–08) • Scolari (2008–09) • Hiddink (2009) • Ancelotti (2009–11)
Villas-Boas (2011–12) • Di Matteo (2012) • Benítez (2012–13) • Mourinho (2013–15) • Hiddink (2015–16)
Conte (2016–)
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